Montgomery County-Radford City-Floyd County NAACP (Branch 7092)
P.O. Box 6044
Christiansburg, Virginia 24068
(540)382-6751


Black Facts for December


December 1, 1955 - ROSA PARKS ARRESTED
Rosa Parks refuses to give her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama and is arrested for violating the city's racial segregation laws, an incident which leads to the Montgomery Bus Boycott.

December 2,  198 -THE MUSIC VIDEO FOR THRILLER IS AIRED FOR THE FIRST TIME
 MTV aired Michael Jackson's "Thriller" video for the first time.

December 3, 1978 - RAPPER TRINA BORN
Rapper Trina born Katrina Taylor in Miami, Florida to a African-American father and mother from the Dominican Republic. She is known as the Diamon Princess and has many hits to her name including “Da Baddest Bitch”, “Pull Over” and "Single Again".

December 4, 1969 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN MALE AWARDED PULITZER PRIZE
[First black man Pulitzer Prize] Moneta Sleet Jr. of Ebony magazine is awarded a Pulitzer Prize for photography and becomes the first African American male to be cited by the Pulitzer committee.

December 5, 1946 - EXECUTIVE ORDER 9808 ESTABLISHED THE PRESIDENT'S COMMITTE ON CIVIL RIGHTS
President Harry S. Truman to issued Executive Order 9808 which set up a committee to study the protection of civil rights in the United States.
  
December 6, 1865 - THE 13TH AMENDMENT RATIFIED
The 13th Amendment to the Constitution ratified. The amendment read that "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude" shall exist in the United States and gives Congress the power to enforce this article by legislation.

December 7, 1942 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN TO BUILD A BILLION DOLLAR COMPANY BORN
Reginald Lewis born in Baltimore, Maryland. He received his law degree from Harvard Law School in 1968.  
He was a partner in Murphy, Thorpe & Lewis, the first Black law firm on Wall Street.  In 1987 Lewis bought Beatrice International Foods from Beatrice Companies for $985 million, renaming it TLC Beatrice International, a snack food, beverage, and grocery store conglomerate that was the largest black-owned and black-managed business in the U.S.

December 8, 1925 - ENTERTAINER, SAMMY DAVIS JR BORN
 Entertainer, Sammy Davis Jr born in Harlem, Manhattan, New York City. He was a dancer, singer, multi-instrumentalist (playing vibraphone, trumpet, and drums), impressionist, comedian, and actor. 
He is remembered for his many film appearances and for the hit song which became his signature tune "Candy Man".

December 9, 1995 - NAACP ELECTS KWEISI MFUME
Rep. Kweisi Mfume, D-Md., was chosen to head the NAACP.

December 10, 1967- OTIS REDDING DIES IN A PLANE CRASH
Soul artist Otis Redding's promising career came to a tragic end when his aircraft crashed in Lake Monoma en route to a concert in Wisconsin.

December 11, 1872 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN GOVERNOR OF A U.S. STATE. SWORN IN
PBS Pinchback is sworn in as governor of Louisana, becoming the first African American to become governor of a U.S. state. He succeeded H. C. Warmoth who was impeached "for high crimes and misdemeanors."

​December 12, 1872 - AFRICAN AMERICAN INVENTOR PATENTS THE GOLF TEE 
African American George Grant inventor patents the golf tee .

December 13, 1997 -FIRST PERSON FROM A BLACK AFRICAN NATION ELECTED AS U.N. SECRETARY-GENERAL
Kofi Annan is elected as Secretary-General of the United Nations becoming the first person from an African nation to be elected to the position.

December 14, 1920 - GRAMMY AWARD WINNING JAZZ MUSICIAN CLARK TERRY BORN
Grammy Award winning jazz musician Clark Terry born. He has performed and recorded regularly both as a leader and sideman. In all, his career in jazz spans more than sixty years. 

December 15, 1961 - DEMONSTRATION IN LOUISIANA
Police in Baton Rouge, Louisiana use tear gas and leash dogs to stop a mass demonstration by fifteen hundred Blacks.

December 16, 2003 - H.R.3491 SIGNED BY PRESIDENT GEORGE W. BUSH ESTABLISHES A MUSEUM OF AFRICAN AMERICAN HISTORY
President George W. Bush signs H.R. 3491 into law. The bill establishes the National Museum of African American History and Culture in the Smithsonian Institution.

December 17, 2002 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN OWNER OF A MAJOR SPORTS FRANCHISE
Robert Johnson, the billionaire founder of Black Entertainment Television (BET) became owner of the National Basketball Association (NBA) Charlotte expansion franchise. Making Johnson the league's first African American majority owner and the first African American owner in major professional sports.

December 18, 1912 -FIRST AFRICAN-AMERICAN GENERAL IN THE UNITED STATES AIR FORCE BORN
General Benjamin O Davis born in Washington, DC. Davis was the first African-American general in the United States Air Force.

December 19, 1996 - EBONICS RECOGNIZED
The school board of Oakland, Calif., voted to recognize Black English, also known as "ebonics."

December 20, 1956 - THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT ENDS
On this day the African American community of Montgomery, Alabama voted unanimously to end its 385 day bus-boycott.

December 21, 1988 - AFRICAN-AMERICAN TERM IS COINED
Jesse Jackson urges the use of the term "African-American" as an alternative to Black Americans.

December 22, 1989- SINGER, AMERICAN IDOL JORDIN SPARKS BORN
Singer, American Idol Jordin Sparks born in Phoenix, Arizona. On May 23, 2007, she was declared the winner of the sixth season of the reality television show American Idol.

December 23, 1867 - MADAM CJ WALKER BORN
Madam C.J. Walker born in Delta, Louisiana. Walker was an American businesswoman, hair care entrepreneur, tycoon and philanthropist. Her fortune was made by developing and marketing a hugely successful line of beauty and hair products for black women, under the company she founded Madam C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company. The Guinness Book of Records cites Walker as the first female, black or white, who became a millionaire by her own achievements. 

December 24, 1853 - WRITER OCTAVIA R. ALBERT BORN
Writer Octavia R. Albert born in Oglethorpe, Georgia. Her book "The House of Bondage" consists of seven slave narratives collected by Albert who was herself a former slave.

December 25, 1907 - BANDLEADER, SINGER CAB CALLOWAY BORN
Cab Calloway, bandleader and first jazz singer to sell a million records born in Rochester, New York. He is best known for his signature tune "Minnie the Moocher".

December 26, 1996 - KWANZAA FIRST CELEBRATED 
The first Kwanzaa is celebrated by Maulana Karenga, the chair of Black Studies at California State University, Long Beach.

December 27, 1956 - BUS SEGREGATION OUTLAWED IN TALLAHASSE, FLORIDA
Segregation on buses is outlawed in Tallahasse, Florida.

December 28, 1977 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN MEMBER OF THE DAUGHTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
Karen Farmer becomes the first African American member of the Daughters of the American Revolution when she traces her ancestry back to William Hood, a solider in the Revolutionary War.

December 29, 1917 - FIRST AFRICAN AMERICAN MAYOR OF LOS ANGELES THOMAS BRADLEY BORN
First African American Mayor of Los Angeles Thomas Bradley born in Calvert, Texas. Bradleyserved five terms as mayor between 1973 and 1993.

December 30, 1977 - NBA DENVER NUGGETS'S KENYON MARTIN BORN  
[Kenyon Martin] NBA Denver Nuggets's Kenyon Martin born in Saginaw, Michigan.

December 31, 1972 - BASEBALL CHAMPION ROBERTO CLEMENTE DIES IN PLANE CRASH
[Roberto Clemente plane crash] Baseball champion Roberto Clemente died in an aviation accident on December 31, 1972, while en route to deliver aid to earthquake victims in Nicaragua.